More Women in Parliament At No Extra Cost: Part II

by on Jun.01, 2015, under Leadership, Politics & Patriotism

IssacMao

IssacMao

Read “More Women in Parliament At No Extra Cost: Part I” for background information.

The two scenarios that could provide fair representation of both genders in the Parliament without extra burden to the tax payers are as follows: -

Scenario One: No Change to The Constitution
Based on the current figures in the Parliament, the state should ensure that the Senate has at least 23 women and the National Assembly has at least 117 women.

The Constitution guarantees 47 Women MPs; hence only 70 Women MPs are needed to attain a minimum Constitutional requirement of 117.

The Constitution guarantees 18 Women Senators; hence only 5 Women Senators are needed to attain a minimum Constitutional requirement of 23.

The Parliament should enact a law that guarantees: -

70 Constituencies out of the 290 Constituencies should be reserved for women only to vie. In case of a vacancy in the reserved constituencies before the general election, only women will be allowed to vie. In every general election a different set of 70 constituencies will be reserved, hence in about 5 general elections all the 290 constituencies will have had a female MP. The rotation will be based on alphabetical arrangement to avoid a lot of unnecessary debates on which constituency to be reserved when, this may not distribute women MPs evenly across the nation, but it is an easy arrangement to follow and one that attracts fewer disputes.

5 Counties out of the 47 counties should be reserved for women only to vie. In case of a vacancy in the reserved constituencies before the general election, only women will be allowed to vie. In every general election a different set of 5 Counties will be reserved, hence in about 10 general elections all the 47 Counties will have had a female Senator. The rotation will be based on alphabetical arrangement to avoid a lot of unnecessary debates on which county to be reserved when, this may not distribute women Senators evenly across the nation, but it is an easy arrangement to follow and one that attracts fewer disputes.

Scenario Two: Minimum Amendments to the Constitution
Amend the Constitution to: –

Remove the 47 Women County Representatives; this will reduce the MPs to 302, which means that a third of the National Assembly will be 101 MPs. On a rotational basis of five year reserve 101 seats to be contested by the gender with the minority representation in the National Assembly. In 3 general elections all the constituencies in Kenya will have had a female MP.

Remove the 16 Nominated Women Representatives; this will reduce the Senators to 51, which means that a third of the Senate will be 17 Senators. On a rotational basis of five years, reserved 17 seats to be contested by the gender with the minority representation in the Senate. In three general elections all the Counties in Kenya will have had a female Senator.

In conclusion Scenario One will not require any constitutional amendments hence preserve our Constitution in its original form. It also will not increase tax payers’ burden. Scenario Two will save the nation approximately of Ksh 1.5 billion every year due to reduction in the number of MPs and Senators; however it will require an amendment of the Constitution.

We can achieve the Constitutional requirement of representations in elective posts without an increase on the tax payers’ burden; in fact we can reduce the burden if we chose Scenario Two.

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